Bootstrap 4 Alert Tutorial

Alert refers to a state of being watchful.

Bootstrap 4 provides the .alert class to provide an easy way to create predefined alert messages. The .alert class will be followed by one of the four contextual classes .alert-success, .alert-info, .alert-warning,.alert-danger, .alert-primary, .alert-secondary, .alert-light or .alert-dark.

Bootstrap 4 Alert Example:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <title>Bootstrap 4 Alerts Example</title>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css">
  <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.3.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.12.9/umd/popper.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
 
<div class="container">
  <h2>Bootstrap 4 Alerts Example</h2>
  <div class="alert alert-success">
    <strong>Success!</strong> This alert box is used to represent a successful or positive action.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-info">
    <strong>Info!</strong> This alert box is used to represent a neutral informative change or action.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-warning">
    <strong>Warning!</strong> This alert box is used to represent a warning that might need attention.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-danger">
    <strong>Danger!</strong> This alert box is used to represent a dangerous or potentially negative action.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-primary">
    <strong>Primary!</strong> This alert box is used to represent an important action.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-secondary">
    <strong>Secondary!</strong> This alert box is used to represent a slightly less important action.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-dark">
    <strong>Dark!</strong> Dark grey alert.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-light">
    <strong>Light!</strong> Light grey alert.
  </div>
</div>
 
</body>
</html>

Output:


Bootstrap 4 Alert Link

We have to add the alert-link class to any links inside the alert box to create “matching colored links”.

Bootstrap 4 Alert Link Example:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <title>Bootstrap 4 Alert Links Example</title>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css">
  <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.3.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.12.9/umd/popper.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
 
<div class="container">
  <h2>Bootstrap 4 Alert Links Example</h2>
  <div class="alert alert-success">
    <strong>Success!</strong> We should <a href="#" class="alert-link">look at this message</a>.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-info">
    <strong>Info!</strong> We should <a href="#" class="alert-link">look at this message</a>.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-warning">
    <strong>Warning!</strong> We should <a href="#" class="alert-link">look at this message</a>.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-danger">
    <strong>Danger!</strong> We should <a href="#" class="alert-link">look at this message</a>.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-primary">
    <strong>Primary!</strong> We should <a href="#" class="alert-link">look at this message</a>.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-secondary">
    <strong>Secondary!</strong> We should <a href="#" class="alert-link">look at this message</a>.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-dark">
    <strong>Dark!</strong> We should <a href="#" class="alert-link">look at this message</a>.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-light">
    <strong>Light!</strong> We should <a href="#" class="alert-link">look at this message</a>.
  </div>
</div>
 
</body>
</html>

Output:


Bootstrap 4 Closing Alerts

To close the alert message we have to add an .alert-dismissable class to the alert container. Then add class=”close” and data-dismiss=”alert” to a link or a button element. When you click on the close sign, the alert box will be closed.

Bootstrap 4 Closing Alerts Example:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <title>Bootstrap 4 Closing Alerts Example</title>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css">
  <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.3.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.12.9/umd/popper.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
 
<div class="container">
  <h2>Bootstrap 4 Closing Alerts Example</h2>
  <div class="alert alert-success alert-dismissable">
    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">&times;</button>
    <strong>Success!</strong> This alert box is used to represent a successful or positive action.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-info alert-dismissable">
    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">&times;</button>
    <strong>Info!</strong> This alert box is used to represent a neutral informative change or action.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-warning alert-dismissable">
    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">&times;</button>
    <strong>Warning!</strong> This alert box is used to represent a warning that might need attention.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-danger alert-dismissable">
    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">&times;</button>
    <strong>Danger!</strong> This alert box is used to represent a dangerous or potentially negative action.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-primary alert-dismissable">
    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">&times;</button>
    <strong>Primary!</strong> This alert box is used to represent an important action.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-secondary alert-dismissable">
    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">&times;</button>
    <strong>Secondary!</strong> This alert box is used to represent a slightly less important action.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-dark alert-dismissable">
    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">&times;</button>
    <strong>Dark!</strong> Dark grey alert.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-light alert-dismissable">
    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">&times;</button>
    <strong>Light!</strong> Light grey alert.
  </div>
</div>
 
</body>
</html>

Output:


Bootstrap provides the .fade and .in classes to add a fading effect when closing the alert message.

Bootstrap 4 Animated Alerts Example:

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
  <title>Bootstrap 4 Animated Alerts Example</title>
  <meta charset="utf-8">
  <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">
  <link rel="stylesheet" href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/css/bootstrap.min.css">
  <script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.3.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/popper.js/1.12.9/umd/popper.min.js"></script>
  <script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/4.0.0/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
 
<div class="container">
  <h2>Bootstrap 4 Animated Alerts Example</h2>
    <div class="alert alert-success alert-dismissable fade show">
    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">&times;</button>
    <strong>Success!</strong> This alert box is used to represent a successful or positive action.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-info alert-dismissable fade show">
    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">&times;</button>
    <strong>Info!</strong> This alert box is used to represent a neutral informative change or action.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-warning alert-dismissable fade show">
    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">&times;</button>
    <strong>Warning!</strong> This alert box is used to represent a warning that might need attention.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-danger alert-dismissable fade show">
    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">&times;</button>
    <strong>Danger!</strong> This alert box is used to represent a dangerous or potentially negative action.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-primary alert-dismissable fade show">
    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">&times;</button>
    <strong>Primary!</strong> This alert box is used to represent an important action.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-secondary alert-dismissable fade show">
    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">&times;</button>
    <strong>Secondary!</strong> This alert box is used to represent a slightly less important action.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-dark alert-dismissable fade show">
    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">&times;</button>
    <strong>Dark!</strong> Dark grey alert.
  </div>
  <div class="alert alert-light alert-dismissable fade show">
    <button type="button" class="close" data-dismiss="alert">&times;</button>
    <strong>Light!</strong> Light grey alert.
  </div>
</div>
 
</body>
</html>

Output:


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