C Sharp Array class

C# Array class

To work with the various array related operations, an Array class is facilitated by C#. For creating, manipulating, searching, and sorting elements of an array, the Array class in C# provides several methods and properties. For all arrays in the .NET programming environment, the C# class works as the base class. Being not a part of a collection, but being based on the IList interface, an array in C# is yet considered as a collection.

C# Array class Signature:

[SerializableAttribute]

[ComVisibleAttribute(true)]

public abstract class Array : ICloneable, IList, ICollection,

IEnumerable, IStructuralComparable, IStructuralEquatable

C# Array Properties:

The various properties used in an array in C# are listed below:

Property Uses
IsFixedSize To return a value specifying whether an Array has a fixed size or not.
IsReadOnly To determine whether an Array is read-only or not.
IsSynchronized To determine whether an Array is synchronized or not.
Length To return the total number of elements in an Array.
LongLength To return a 64-bit integer representing the total count of elements in an Array.
Rank To return the number of dimensions or rank of an Array.
SyncRoot To return an object to synchronize access to the Array.

C# Array Methods:

The various methods used in an array in C# are listed below:

Method Uses
AsReadOnly<T>(T[]) To get a read-only wrapper for the specified array.
BinarySearch(Array,Int32,Int32,Object) To search for a range of elements for a value in a single-dimensional sorted array.
BinarySearch(Array,Object) To search for a specific element in an entire single-dimensional sorted array.
Clear(Array,Int32,Int32) To set a range of elements to the default value in an array.
Clone() To create a shallow copy of an Array.
Copy(Array,Array,Int32) To copy elements of an array to a second array by specifying the starting index.
CopyTo(Array,Int32) To copy all the elements of a single-dimensional array to other defined single-dimensional array starting at the defined destination array index.
CreateInstance(Type,Int32) To create a single-dimensional Array of the defined Type and length.
Empty<T>() To return an empty array.
Finalize() To free resources and perform cleanup operations.
Find<T>(T[],Predicate<T>) To search for an element matching the conditions specified by the indicated predicate.
IndexOf(Array,Object) To search for the defined object and to get the index of its first occurrence in a single-dimensional array.
Initialize() To initialize each element of the value-type Array. For doing so it calls the default constructor of the value type.
Reverse(Array) To reverse the sequence of the elements in an entire single-dimensional Array.
Sort(Array) To sort the elements in an entire single-dimensional Array.
ToString() To return a string representing the current object.

Example:

using System;  
namespace array_class  
{  
    class Example  
    {  
        static void Main(string[] args)  
        {  
            // Creating an array  
            int[] a = new int[5] { 5, 10, 15, 20, 25};  
            // Creating an empty array  
            int[] a2 = new int[5];  
            // Displaying length of array  
            Console.WriteLine("Length of First array: "+ a.Length);  
            // Sorting array  
            Array.Sort(a);  
            Console.Write("Elements of First array: ");  
            // Displaying sorted array  
            Display(a);  
            // Finding index of an array element  
            Console.WriteLine("\nIndex position of 15: "+ Array.IndexOf(a, 15));  
            // Coping first array to empty array  
            Array.Copy(a, a2, a.Length);  
            Console.Write("Elements of Second array: ");  
            // Displaying second array  
            Display(a2);  
            Array.Reverse(a);  
            Console.Write("\nElements of First array in reverse order: ");  
            Display(a);  
        }  
        static void Display(int[] a)  
        {  
            foreach (Object x in a)  
            {  
                Console.Write(x +" ");  
            }  
        }  
    }  
}

Output:

Explanation:

In the above example, we are displaying the use of the Length property of the C# array class and various methods of an array class, such as IndexOf(Array,Object), Reverse(Array), Sort(Array), and Copy(Array, Array, Int32).

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