C Sharp Delegates

C# Delegates

Being a reference to the method, a delegate in C# works like a function pointer in C and C++. As compared to a function pointer, a delegate in C# is objected-oriented, secured and type-safe. Only the method is encapsulated by a delegate in C# for the static method. While, both the method and instance is encapsulated by a delegate in C# for the static method. A delegate is best used as an event. A class is internally defined by a delegate declaration. The defined class is a derived class of the System.Delegate.

Example:

using System;  
delegate int Calc(int num);//declaring delegate  
 
public class Example  
{  
    static int n = 50;  
    public static int sub(int num)  
    {  
        n = n - num;  
        return n;  
    }  
    public static int mul(int num)  
    {  
        n = n * num;  
        return n;  
    }  
    public static int getnum()  
    {  
        return n;  
    }  
    public static void Main(string[] args)  
    {  
        Calc x = new Calc(sub);//instantiating delegate  
        Calc y = new Calc(mul);  
        x(10);//calling method using delegate  
        Console.WriteLine("After x delegate, Number is: " + getnum());  
        y(20);  
        Console.WriteLine("After y delegate, Number is: " + getnum());  
 
    }  
}

Output:

Explanation:

In the above example, we are using the delegate in C# to call the sub() and mul() methods.

 

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