System.IO namespace in C# provides classes for performing input and output operations, such as reading from or writing to files, directories, and streams. It offers a variety of classes and methods that facilitate working with files and directories.
Here are some important classes within the
- File: Provides static methods for creating, copying, deleting, moving, and opening files, as well as other file-related operations.
- Directory: Contains static methods for creating, moving, and enumerating through directories and subdirectories.
- Path: Provides methods for manipulating file and directory paths. It offers functionality for combining paths, extracting file names and extensions, and checking the validity of paths.
- FileInfo: Represents a file on disk and provides instance methods for performing operations on individual files.
- DirectoryInfo: Represents a directory on disk and provides instance methods for performing operations on directories.
- FileStream: Provides a stream for reading from and writing to files, and supports random access to files.
- StreamReader and StreamWriter: These classes allow reading from and writing to streams in a specific encoding, such as text files.
- BinaryReader and BinaryWriter: These classes enable reading from and writing to streams in binary format.
These classes offer a wide range of methods and properties to work with files, directories, and streams, allowing you to perform tasks such as creating, opening, reading, writing, copying, moving, and deleting files and directories.
To use the
System.IO namespace in your C# code, you typically need to include the following line at the beginning of your file:
This allows you to access the classes and methods within the namespace without having to fully qualify them.
System.IO Namespace Structures:
System.IO namespace in C# primarily consists of classes rather than structures. However, there are a few structures associated with the
System.IO namespace that are worth mentioning. These structures are used as parameters or return types in some methods within the
System.IO classes. Here are a couple of notable ones:
- FileAttributes: This structure is used to represent the attributes of a file. It is often used with the
File.SetAttributesmethods to retrieve or modify the attributes of a file. The
FileAttributesstructure is defined with a
FlagsAttribute, allowing multiple attributes to be combined using bitwise OR operations.
- FileMode: This structure is used to specify the mode in which a file is opened or created. It is commonly used as a parameter with the
FileStreamconstructor or the
FileModestructure provides various options such as
Truncate, and more, allowing you to control how the file is accessed.
Although structures are not as prevalent in the
System.IO namespace compared to classes, these two structures play important roles in file-related operations by providing additional flexibility and control over file attributes and modes.
It’s important to note that while structures and classes are distinct in C#, structures are value types and classes are reference types. Structures are typically used for lightweight data representation and are passed by value, while classes are used for more complex objects and are passed by reference.
System.IO Namespace Delegates:
System.IO namespace, delegates are not extensively used. Delegates are primarily used for defining callback methods or event handlers, which are more commonly found in other namespaces like
However, there is one delegate defined in the
- SearchOption: This delegate is used as a parameter in some methods of the
Directoryclass, such as
GetDirectories, to specify whether to search for files and directories in the current directory only or in all subdirectories as well. It is an enumeration that defines two values:
SearchOption.AllDirectories. These values are used to control the depth of the search when retrieving file or directory information.
While delegates play a crucial role in C# programming, their usage within the
System.IO namespace is limited. Other namespaces, such as
System.EventHandler, offer a broader range of delegates for handling events, asynchronous operations, and other callback scenarios.
System.IO Namespace Enumerations:
System.IO namespace in C# includes several enumerations that provide useful constants and options for file and directory operations. These enumerations are used as parameters or return types in various methods within the
System.IO classes. Here are some important enumerations in the
- FileOptions: This enumeration is used to specify options for opening or creating a file using the
FileStreamconstructor or the
File.Openmethod. It includes values such as
SequentialScan, and more, allowing you to control the behavior of file operations.
- FileShare: This enumeration is used to specify the level of access other
FileStreamobjects can have to a file that is already opened by another process. It includes values such as
Delete, and more, providing different levels of sharing permissions.
- SearchOption: This enumeration is used as a parameter in some methods of the
Directoryclass, such as
GetDirectories, to specify whether to search for files and directories in the current directory only or in all subdirectories as well. It includes values
- FileAttributes: This enumeration represents the attributes of a file. It is used with the
File.SetAttributesmethods to retrieve or modify the attributes of a file. The enumeration includes values such as
Directory, and more, indicating various file attributes.
These enumerations provide a convenient way to specify options, flags, and attributes when working with files and directories within the
System.IO namespace. They allow you to customize the behavior of file operations and interact with the underlying file system effectively.