The double circulatory system is so common in mammals which including humans, utilize a double circulatory system. That’s humans have two loops in the body in which blood circulates. In which one is oxygenated, meaning oxygen-rich, and the other one is deoxygenated, which means it has little to no oxygen, but a lot of carbon dioxide. Double circulatory systems are essential because they make sure there is a full release of tissues and muscles blood of oxygen, rather than a mixture of oxygenated and deoxygenated blood. While it can take a bit more energy than a single circulatory system, this system is more efficient!
A circulatory route is a path taken by the blood, wherein it moves throughout the different organs of the body through arteries and veins. In humans being, it is a closed circulatory system that exists, as blood is transport in closed blood vessels. The circulatory system stands for the transport of gases, nutrition, waste products.
The double pathway is the most efficient way of circulation. In human beings, the four-chambered heart, arteries, veins, and capillaries all have a significant role to play. Blood is pumped out of the heart. This blood moves to different organs and then blood again comes back to the heart, its origin. All this occurs in a very systematic way through the different arteries and veins transporting oxygenated and deoxygenated blood. In double circulation, there are two pathways in which blood circulates. Which are:
Pulmonary circulation:- The pulmonary pathway transport the deoxygenated blood from the right part of the heart to the lungs. Exchange of oxygen and carbon dioxide do take place in the lungs and the blood is now oxygenated.
Systemic pathway:- In the systemic circulation, oxygenated blood travels from the left side of the heart to the other areas of the body. At various organ sites, exchange of gases, nutrients, and waste with lymph occurs. This deoxygenated blood again move back to the right side of the heart.
Both the pulmonary circuit and the systemic circuit work together. To make sure that deoxygenated blood gets to the lungs through the pulmonary artery while the oxygenated blood from the aorta reaches the various organs and tissues. Therefore, double circulation is a distinguishing characteristic of the human circulatory system. It is significant as it allows for proper circulation of blood, without the mixing of the oxygenated and deoxygenated blood.