DriverManager class

In Java, the DriverManager class is part of the JDBC (Java Database Connectivity) API, and it provides a way for Java applications to connect to a database using a JDBC driver.

The DriverManager class manages a list of registered JDBC drivers, and it can be used to obtain a connection to a database. When a Java application requests a connection to a database, the DriverManager searches through the list of registered drivers to find one that can connect to the specified database.

Here’s an example of how to use the DriverManager class to connect to a database:

import java.sql.*;

public class Example {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String url = "jdbc:mysql://localhost/mydatabase";
        String user = "myusername";
        String password = "mypassword";

        try {
            // Register the MySQL JDBC driver

            // Obtain a connection to the database
            Connection conn = DriverManager.getConnection(url, user, password);

            // Use the connection to query the database
            Statement stmt = conn.createStatement();
            ResultSet rs = stmt.executeQuery("SELECT * FROM mytable");
            while ( {

            // Close the connection
        } catch (ClassNotFoundException e) {
            System.err.println("Could not load JDBC driver");
        } catch (SQLException e) {
            System.err.println("Error executing SQL query");

In this example, we register the MySQL JDBC driver using Class.forName(), obtain a connection to the mydatabase database using DriverManager.getConnection(), and use the connection to execute a SQL query on the mytable table. Finally, we close the connection using Connection.close().

Methods of the DriverManager Class:

The DriverManager class in Java provides several static methods for managing JDBC drivers and obtaining database connections. Here are some of the most commonly used methods:

  1. getConnection(String url, String user, String password): This method attempts to establish a connection to the database specified by the URL, using the provided username and password.
  2. getConnection(String url): This method attempts to establish a connection to the database specified by the URL, using the default username and password.
  3. getDriver(String url): This method attempts to locate a driver that can handle the specified database URL.
  4. getDrivers(): This method returns an array of all the currently registered JDBC drivers.
  5. registerDriver(Driver driver): This method registers a new JDBC driver with the DriverManager.
  6. deregisterDriver(Driver driver): This method removes a previously registered JDBC driver from the DriverManager.
  7. setLoginTimeout(int seconds): This method sets the maximum time in seconds that the DriverManager will wait for a connection to be established.
  8. setLogWriter(PrintWriter out): This method sets the log writer that will be used by the DriverManager to log messages.

Note that most of these methods are static methods, so they can be called directly on the DriverManager class without needing to create an instance of the class.