External Storage Android

To save or read data from a device’s external memory such as an SD card, with the help of the FileInputStream and FileOutputStream classes, the Android External Storage is used.

Example: To read and write data to the android internal storage:

activity_main.xml:

In the activity_main.xml file, we will drag the EditTexts, TextViews, and buttons from the palette.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<RelativeLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"
    xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent"
    android:layout_height="match_parent"
    tools:context=".MainActivity">
 
    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/editText1"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignParentRight="true"
        android:layout_alignParentTop="true"
        android:layout_marginRight="20dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="24dp"
        android:ems="10" >
 
        <requestFocus />
    </EditText>
 
    <EditText
        android:id="@+id/editText2"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignRight="@+id/editText1"
        android:layout_below="@+id/editText1"
        android:layout_marginTop="24dp"
        android:ems="10" />
 
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView1"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignBaseline="@+id/editText1"
        android:layout_alignBottom="@+id/editText1"
        android:layout_alignParentLeft="true"
        android:text="File:" />
 
    <TextView
        android:id="@+id/textView2"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignBaseline="@+id/editText2"
        android:layout_alignBottom="@+id/editText2"
        android:layout_alignParentLeft="true"
        android:text="Information to Feed:" />
 
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button1"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignLeft="@+id/editText2"
        android:layout_below="@+id/editText2"
        android:layout_marginLeft="70dp"
        android:layout_marginTop="16dp"
        android:text="save" />
 
    <Button
        android:id="@+id/button2"
        android:layout_width="wrap_content"
        android:layout_height="wrap_content"
        android:layout_alignBaseline="@+id/button1"
        android:layout_alignBottom="@+id/button1"
        android:layout_toRightOf="@+id/button1"
        android:text="read" />
</RelativeLayout>

Manifest file:

In the AndroidManifest file, it is required to provide permission for the external storage by adding the below code.

<uses-permission android:name=”android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE”/>

File: Activity_Manifest.xml:

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?>
<manifest xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    package="com.example.radioapp">
    <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE"/>
    <application
        android:allowBackup="true"
        android:icon="@mipmap/ic_launcher"
        android:label="@string/app_name"
        android:roundIcon="@mipmap/ic_launcher_round"
        android:supportsRtl="true"
        android:theme="@style/AppTheme">
        <activity android:name=".MainActivity">
            <intent-filter>
                <action android:name="android.intent.action.MAIN" />
 
                <category android:name="android.intent.category.LAUNCHER" />
            </intent-filter>
        </activity>
    </application>
 
</manifest>

Activity class:(File: MainActivity.java)

In the MainActivity.java file, we will write the code to save and to read the data from the android external storage.

package com.example.radioapp;
 
import android.support.v7.app.AppCompatActivity;
import android.os.Bundle;
import android.view.View;
import android.widget.Button;
import android.widget.EditText;
import android.widget.Toast;
 
import java.io.BufferedReader;
import java.io.File;
import java.io.FileInputStream;
import java.io.FileNotFoundException;
import java.io.FileOutputStream;
import java.io.IOException;
import java.io.InputStreamReader;
import java.io.OutputStreamWriter;
 
public class MainActivity extends AppCompatActivity {
    EditText editTextFileName,editTextData;
    Button saveButton,readButton;
    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_main);
 
        editTextFileName=findViewById(R.id.editText1);
        editTextData=findViewById(R.id.editText2);
        saveButton=findViewById(R.id.button1);
        readButton=findViewById(R.id.button2);
 
        //Performing action on save button
        saveButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener(){
 
            @Override
            public void onClick(View arg0) {
                String filename=editTextFileName.getText().toString();
                String data=editTextData.getText().toString();
 
                FileOutputStream fos;
                try {
                    File myFile = new File("/sdcard/"+filename);
                    myFile.createNewFile();
                    FileOutputStream fOut = new FileOutputStream(myFile);
                    OutputStreamWriter myOutWriter = new OutputStreamWriter(fOut);
                    myOutWriter.append(data);
                    myOutWriter.close();
                    fOut.close();
                    Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),filename + "saved",Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
                } catch (FileNotFoundException e) {e.printStackTrace();}
                catch (IOException e) {e.printStackTrace();}
            }
        });
 
        //Performing action on Read Button
        readButton.setOnClickListener(new View.OnClickListener(){
            @Override
            public void onClick(View arg0) {
                String filename=editTextFileName.getText().toString();
                StringBuffer stringBuffer = new StringBuffer();
                String aDataRow = "";
                String aBuffer = "";
                try {
                    File myFile = new File("/sdcard/"+filename);
                    FileInputStream fIn = new FileInputStream(myFile);
                    BufferedReader myReader = new BufferedReader(
                            new InputStreamReader(fIn));
                    while ((aDataRow = myReader.readLine()) != null) {
                        aBuffer += aDataRow + "\n";
                    }
                    myReader.close();
                } catch (IOException e) {
                    e.printStackTrace();
                }
                Toast.makeText(getApplicationContext(),aBuffer,Toast.LENGTH_LONG).show();
            }
        });
    }
}

Output 1:

Output 2:

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