It is commonly called the potatao family. They are widely distributed in tropics, subtropics and temperate regions.
|Habitat||–||Plants mostly herbs, shrubs and rarely small trees.
|Stem||–||Herbaceous, rarely Woody, Aerial; Erect, Cylindrical, Branched, Solid or Hollow, Hair or Glabrous, Underground stem in Potato (Solanum Tuberosum)|
|Leaves||–||Leaves: alternate, simple, rarely pinnately compound, Exstipulate; venation reticulate.|
|Root||–||Branched tap root system.|
|Inflorescence||–||Solitary, axillary or cymose as in Solanum.|
|Calyx||–||Sepals 5, United (gamosepalous), Persistent, Valvate Aestivation.|
|Corolla||–||Petals 5, United (gamopetalous); Valvate Aestivation.|
|Androecium||–||Stamens 5, Epipetalous.|
|Gynoecium||–||Bicarpellary Obligately placed, Syncarpous; Ovary superior, Bilocular, Placenta swollen with many ovules, Axile placentataion.|
Members of this group yield vegetables, medicines and ornamentals.
Vegetables: Tomato, Brinjal, Potato, Chilli.
Medicine: Belladonna, Ashwagandha, Datura
Ornamental: Petunia (Queen Of The Night)
It is commonly called the ‘Lily Family’. It is a characteristic representative of monocot plants. They have a cosmopolitan distribution.
|Habitat||–||Perennial herbs with underground bulbs, corms or rhizomes.|
|Stem||–||Herbaceous or Woody, Aerial and Underground.|
|Leaves||–||Basal, Alternate, Linear, Exstipulate With Parallel Venation|
|Root||–||Usually adventitious, sometimes tuberous.|
|Inflorescence||–||Solitary or cymose; Umbellate clusters.|
|Perianth||–||Tepals six (3+3), United into a tube, Valvate Aestivation.|
|Androecium||–||Stamens six (3+3), Epipetalous.|
|Gynoecium||–||Tricarpellary, Syncarpous; Ovary superior, Trilocular, many ovules, Axile placentataion.|
|Fruit||–||Capsule, rarely berry.|
Members of this group are widely used as ornamentals.
Food: Onion, Garlic, Asparagus.
Fibres: Yucca, Phormium tenax.
Medicine: Aloe vera, Gloriosa, Urginea, Asparagus, Smilax Colchicum.
Ornamental: Tulips, Lillies, Asparagus, Gloriosa, Yucca.