A short history of the korean war

Korea under the Japanese Empire - The reasons for a civil war breaking out on the Korean Peninsula can be traced back to the turn of the 20th century.

Korea in World War II -
In the Pacific Theater of World War II, Korean refugees and revolutionaries were backed by China in their fight against Japan, who had also annexed parts of Chinese Manchuria.

The 38th parallel -
The border between these two new, ethnically identical nations was drawn along the 38th latitudinal parallel.

Unrest in the peninsula -
North Korea, with the more generous and immediate help of its communist neighbors, quickly began to flourish socially, economically, and militarily.

Kim Il-sung -
Kim Il-sung, a prominent leader of the Korean communist resistance against Japanese imperialism, was elected premier in 1948

Syngman Rhee -
Syngman Rhee was elected as president of South Korea in 1948, after spending decades on and off in the United States.

The first border disputes -
Border disputes along the 38th parallel also started to flare up almost immediately after the departure of each country's respective occupying forces.

Invasion from the North -
Preoccupied with the persistent insurgencies deep within South Korea, the presence of South Korean fighters dropped dramatically by 1950, giving Il-sung.

Official reasons for the invasion - Although border clashes had slowed down by June, they had not stopped entirely, and many were reportedly instigated by South Korea. 

Why did the US join the war? - The US government, under President Harry S. Truman, was at first hesitant to join a new war effort.

The Pusan Perimeter -
In a last-ditch rally, 140,000 UNC troops, including the last remnants of the ROKA, set up an impenetrable wall of firepower around the 140-mile (230-km) long perimeter. 

The Battle of Incheon on the return to the 38th - On September 15, 1950, 230 navy ships and around 40,000 UNC soldiers descended upon Incheon.

The Battle of the Ch'ongch'on River - Some 200,000 PVA forces crossed into North Korea on October 18, 1950, and joined the remaining KPA forces. 

The stalemate -
The UNC, however, uneager to waste resources but even more unwilling to allow South Korea to fall under communist control, continued to hold the line of the 38th.

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