Effective problem-solving strategies
What are problem-solving strategies? - A problem-solving strategy is a plan used to find a solution or overcome a challenge.
Define the problem -
The first step is to know which problem you need to solve. By doing that, you’ll be able to precisely identify it, and then create a plan to resolve it.
Draw a diagram of the problem -
It might be easier to understand a complex problem if you can see it. Try drawing a picture or a diagram to help you illustrate the situation.
Make a problem tree -
A problem tree is a great visualization technique. First brainstorm a list of problems, and then organize them into a hierarchy.
Break the problem into smaller pieces - It can be helpful to break down larger problems into smaller pieces or steps.
Redefine the problem -
If it seems like the problem might be unsolvable, consider redefining it.
Collect and organize information about the problem - Collecting information about the problem and organizing it into a chart, table, or list can help you identify if there's any pattern.
Work backwards -
Working backwards can sometimes be the best way to solve a problem. You'll basically want to undo the problem step by step, but starting at the end.
Use past experiences -
Consider if you've encountered a similar situation to your current problem before. This can help you draw connections between different events.
Generate potential solutions -
The aim isn't to evaluate possible solutions, but rather to generate as many ideas as possible. Use creative thinking and be patient.
Bring in a facilitator -
Trying to solve a complex problem with a group of other people can be a bit tricky. In this case, bringing in a facilitator can help increase your efficiency.
Consider the trial-and-error approach - If there are multiple solutions to your problem, and you're trying to find the best one, using the trial-and-error approach may help.
In fact, the more people you enlist to help solve the problem, the more potential solutions you'll have.
Ask for help -
Asking people for their opinions can expose you to new perspectives and unique solutions.
Step away from the problem -
If the problem doesn't need an immediate solution, consider stepping away from it for a short period of time.