Who was Joan of Arc, really?
Joan of Arc -
Joan of Arc was born sometime around 1412 in Domrémy (today called Domrémy-la-Pucelle), a small village in the Meuse valley in France.
In 1425, aged 13, Joan had a vision of Saint Michael in her father's garden.
Prompted by the visions that had urged her to leave Domrémy and help the dauphin, Joan headed for Vaucouleurs in 1428.
She returned to Vaucouleurs the following year, this time successfully persuading Baudricourt to let her go to Chinon. On February 13, 1429.
Siege of Orléans -
Joan of Arc and the French military commander La Hire arrived at the head of their armies in Orléans on April 29, 1429.
Entering Orléans -
A victorious Joan of Arc entered Orléans after the capitulation of the English on May 8, 1429.
Battle of Patay -
On May 9, Joan met Charles at Tours, where she asked the dauphin to travel immediately to Reims to be crowned.
Arrival at Reims -
On July 16, the dauphin's army reached Reims. Joan of Arc was at Charles' side as it entered the historic city.
Place of honor -
Joan was present at the consecration, accorded a place of honor at the ceremony standing with her banner not far from the altar.
Siege of Paris -
On September 8, 1429, the Armagnacs attacked Paris, directed between the gates of Saint-Honoré and Saint-Denis.
For her loyalty and services to king and court, Joan of Arc and her family were ennobled by Charles VII in December 1492.
Capture and imprisonment -
Dismounted and surrounded, Joan of Arc was captured by Burgundian forces, her army defeated.
Exhausted and threatened with torture, Joan declared she would do all that the Church required of her.
Joan was initially condemned to perpetual imprisonment. She was returned to jail and ordered to change into women's clothing.
Public heresy was a capital crime. As such, Joan of Arc was sentenced to death. On May 30, 1431.
Twenty-two years after Joan of Arc's death, the Hundred Years' War ended with a French victory at the Battle of Castillon in 1453.
Pope Callixtus III (1378–1458) -
Subsequently, Pope Callixtus III granted permission for Joan's rehabilitation trial in 1455 after receiving a petition from her family.
Joan of Arc today -
Among the numerous monuments celebrating the life of Joan of Arc is no less than 36 equestrian statues, of which 26 are located in France and 10 in other countries.