LinkedList in java

The LinkedList class extends AbstractSequentialList and implements the List and Deque interface. It uses a linked list data structure to store elements. It can contain duplicate elements. It is not synchronized.
Note:

  1. It does not provide a random access facility.
  2. No shifting needs to occur in the Java LinkedList class, thus manipulation is fast.

Doubly Linked List:

Elements can be added or removed elements from both sides in a doubly-linked list.

LinkedList class declaration:

Declaration for java.util.LinkedList class:

public class LinkedList<E> extends AbstractSequentialList<E> implements List<E>, Deque<E>, Cloneable, Serializable

Java LinkedList Constructors:

Constructor Description
LinkedList() It will create an empty list.
LinkedList(Collection<? extends E> c) It will create a list containing the elements of the specified collection. In the same order, as they are returned by the collection’s iterator.

Java LinkedList Methods:

Method Description
boolean add(E e) It will append the specified element to the end of a list.
void add(int index, E element) It will insert the specified element at the specified position index in a list.
boolean addAll(Collection<? extends E> c) It will append all of the elements in the specified collection to the end of this list, in the order that they are returned by the specified collection’s iterator.
boolean addAll(Collection<? extends E> c) It will append all of the elements in the specified collection to the end of this list, in the order that they are returned by the specified collection’s iterator.
boolean addAll(int index, Collection<? extends E> c) It will append all the elements in the specified collection, starting at the specified position of the list.
void addFirst(E e) It will insert the given element at the beginning of a list.
void addLast(E e) It will append the given element to the end of a list.
void clear() It will remove all the elements from a list.
Object clone() It will return a shallow copy of an ArrayList.
boolean contains(Object o) It will return true if a list contains a specified element.
Iterator<E> descendingIterator() It will return an iterator over the elements in a deque in reverse sequential order.
E element() It will retrieve the first element of a list.
E get(int index) It will return the element at the specified position in a list.
E getFirst() It will return the first element in a list.
E getLast() It will return the last element in a list.
int indexOf(Object o) It will return the index in a list of the first occurrence of the specified element, or -1 if the list does not contain any element.
int lastIndexOf(Object o) It will return the index in a list of the last occurrence of the specified element, or -1 if the list does not contain any element.
ListIterator<E> listIterator(int index) It will return a list-iterator of the elements in proper sequence, starting at the specified position in the list.
boolean offer(E e) It will add the specified element as the last element of a list.
boolean offerFirst(E e) It will insert the specified element at the front of a list.
boolean offerLast(E e) It will insert the specified element at the end of a list.
E peek() It will get the first element of a list.
E peekFirst() It will get the first element of a list or returns null if a list is empty.
E peekLast() It will get the last element of a list or returns null if a list is empty.
E poll() It will get and eliminate the first element of a list.
E pollFirst() It will get and eliminate the first element of a list or returns null if a list is empty.
E pollLast() It will get and eliminate the last element of a list or returns null if a list is empty.
E pop() It will pop an element from the stack represented by a list.
void push(E e) It will push an element onto the stack represented by a list.
E remove() It will get and eliminate the first element of a list.
E remove(int index) It will eliminate the element at the specified position in a list.
boolean remove(Object o) It will eliminate the first occurrence of the specified element in a list.
E removeFirst() It will eliminate and return the first element from a list.
boolean removeFirstOccurrence(Object o) It will eliminate the first occurrence of the specified element in a list (when traversing the list from head to tail).
E removeLast() It will eliminate and return the last element from a list.
boolean removeLastOccurrence(Object o) It will eliminate the last occurrence of the specified element in a list (when traversing the list from head to tail).
E set(int index, E element) It will replace the element at the specified position in a list with the specified element.
Object[] toArray() It will return an array containing all the elements in a list in proper sequence (from first to the last element).
<T> T[] toArray(T[] a) It will return an array containing all the elements in the proper sequence (from first to the last element); the runtime type of the returned array is that of the specified array.
int size() It will return the number of elements in a list.

LinkedList example:

LinkedListTest.java

import java.util.Iterator;
import java.util.LinkedList;
 
/**
 * This class is used to show the LinkedList functionality.
 * @author w3spoint
 */
public class LinkedListTest {
	public static void main(String args[]){
		//Create LinkedList object.
		LinkedList linkedList = new LinkedList();
 
		//Add objects to the HashSet.
		linkedList.add("Amani");
		linkedList.add("Prabhjot");
		linkedList.add("Nidhi");
		linkedList.add("Vandana");
		linkedList.add("Poonam");
 
		//Size of the LinkedList object.
		System.out.println("Size: " 
				+ linkedList.size());
 
		//Print the LinkedList object.
		System.out.println("LinkedList elements:");
		System.out.println(linkedList);
 
		//Print the LinkedList elements using iterator.
		Iterator iterator1=linkedList.iterator();
		System.out.println("LinkedList elements " +
				"using iterator:");
		while(iterator1.hasNext()){  
		   System.out.println(iterator1.next());  
		} 
 
		//Add an object at the specific position.
		linkedList.add(2,"Jagdeep");
 
		//Remove a element from a specific position.
		linkedList.remove(3);
 
		//Remove last element.
		linkedList.removeLast();
 
		//Size of the LinkedList object.
		System.out.println("Size after manipulation: " 
				+ linkedList.size());
 
		//Print the LinkedList object.
		System.out.println("LinkedList elements " +
				"after manipulation:");
		System.out.println(linkedList);
 
		//Print the LinkedList elements using iterator.
		Iterator iterator2=linkedList.iterator();
		System.out.println("LinkedList elements after " +
				"manipulation using iterator:");
		while(iterator2.hasNext()){  
		   System.out.println(iterator2.next());  
		} 	
	}
}

Output:

Size: 5
LinkedList elements:
[Amani, Prabhjot, Nidhi, Vandana, Poonam]
LinkedList elements using iterator:
Amani
Prabhjot
Nidhi
Vandana
Poonam
Size after manipulation: 4
LinkedList elements after manipulation:
[Amani, Prabhjot, Jagdeep, Vandana]
LinkedList elements after manipulation using iterator:
Amani
Prabhjot
Jagdeep
Vandana

Example: Different ways to add elements:

import java.util.*;  
public class LinkedListExample{  
 public static void main(String args[]){  
 LinkedList<string> ll=new LinkedList</string><string>();  
           System.out.println("Initial list of elements: "+ll);  
           ll.add("A");  
           ll.add("B");  
           ll.add("C");  
           System.out.println("After invoking add(E e) method: "+ll);  
           //Adding an element at the specific position  
           ll.add(1, "D");  
           System.out.println("After invoking add(int index, E element) method: "+ll);  
           LinkedList</string><string> ll2=new LinkedList</string><string>();  
           ll2.add("E");  
           ll2.add("XY");  
           //Adding second list elements to the first list  
           ll.addAll(ll2);  
           System.out.println("After invoking addAll(Collection<? extends E> c) method: "+ll);  
           LinkedList</string><string> ll3=new LinkedList</string><string>();  
           ll3.add("ABC");  
           ll3.add("DEF");  
           //Adding second list elements to the first list at specific position  
           ll.addAll(1, ll3);  
           System.out.println("After invoking addAll(int index, Collection<? extends E> c) method: "+ll);  
           //Adding an element at the first position  
           ll.addFirst("UVW");  
           System.out.println("After invoking addFirst(E e) method: "+ll);  
           //Adding an element at the last position  
           ll.addLast("Z");  
           System.out.println("After invoking addLast(E e) method: "+ll);  
 
 }  
}  
</string>

Output:

Example: Different ways to remove an element:

import java.util.*;  
import java.util.*;  
public class LinkedListExample{  
 
        public static void main(String [] args)  
        {  
           LinkedList<string> ll=new LinkedList</string><string>();  
           ll.add("A");  
           ll.add("B");  
           ll.add("C");  
           ll.add("D");  
           ll.add("E");  
           ll.add("F");  
           ll.add("G");  
           ll.add("E");  
           ll.add("F");  
           ll.add("H");  
           System.out.println("Initial list of elements: "+ll);  
         //Removing specific element from arraylist  
              ll.remove("B");  
              System.out.println("After invoking remove(object) method: "+ll);   
         //Removing element on the basis of specific position  
              ll.remove(0);  
              System.out.println("After invoking remove(index) method: "+ll);   
              LinkedList</string><string> ll2=new LinkedList</string><string>();  
              ll2.add("A");  
              ll2.add("Z");  
         // Adding new elements to arraylist  
              ll.addAll(ll2);  
              System.out.println("Updated list : "+ll);   
         //Removing all the new elements from arraylist  
              ll.removeAll(ll2);  
              System.out.println("After invoking removeAll() method: "+ll);   
         //Removing first element from the list  
              ll.removeFirst();  
              System.out.println("After invoking removeFirst() method: "+ll);  
          //Removing first element from the list  
              ll.removeLast();  
              System.out.println("After invoking removeLast() method: "+ll);  
          //Removing first occurrence of element from the list  
              ll.removeFirstOccurrence("E");  
              System.out.println("After invoking removeFirstOccurrence() method: "+ll);  
          //Removing last occurrence of element from the list  
              ll.removeLastOccurrence("F");  
              System.out.println("After invoking removeLastOccurrence() method: "+ll);  
 
              //Removing all the elements available in the list       
              ll.clear();  
              System.out.println("After invoking clear() method: "+ll);   
       }  
    }            
</string>

Output:

Example: To reverse a list of elements:

import java.util.*;  
public class LinkedListExample{  
 public static void main(String args[]){  
 
  LinkedList<string> ll=new LinkedList</string><string>();  
           ll.add("A");  
           ll.add("B");  
           ll.add("C");  
           //Traversing the list of elements in reverse order  
           Iterator i=ll.descendingIterator();  
           while(i.hasNext())  
           {  
               System.out.println(i.next());  
           }  
 
 }  
}  
</string>

Output:

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