Logging in Python

Logging is an important aspect of software development, as it allows developers to track the behavior of their code during runtime. In Python, logging can be done using the built-in logging module.

Here’s an example of how to use the logging module in Python:

import logging

# Create a logger object
logger = logging.getLogger(__name__)

# Set the logging level

# Create a file handler and set the log level
file_handler = logging.FileHandler('my_log_file.log')

# Create a formatter and add it to the file handler
formatter = logging.Formatter('%(asctime)s - %(name)s - %(levelname)s - %(message)s')

# Add the file handler to the logger

# Use the logger to log messages
logger.debug('This is a debug message')
logger.info('This is an info message')
logger.warning('This is a warning message')
logger.error('This is an error message')
logger.critical('This is a critical message')

In this example, we first create a logger object and set its logging level to DEBUG. We then create a file handler that will log messages to a file, set its logging level to DEBUG, and add a formatter to it.

Finally, we add the file handler to the logger, and use the logger to log messages at various logging levels.

The output of this code will be a log file named my_log_file.log, which will contain the log messages at the DEBUG level and above. The messages will be formatted according to the formatter we created earlier.

Note that logging levels are hierarchical, with DEBUG being the lowest level and CRITICAL being the highest. When you set the logging level of a logger, it will only log messages at that level or higher. So, in the example above, the logger will log messages at the DEBUG, INFO, WARNING, ERROR, and CRITICAL levels.