In terms of grammar, the number means the count of a noun or pronoun.
Object-objects, glass-glasses, man-men etc.
Types of numbers:
Only one noun or a pronoun.
Laptop, switch, chair, cup, etc.
More than one noun or pronoun.
Laptops, Switches, Chairs, Cups, etc.
Changing from Singular to Plural:
A number can be changed from singular to plural, there are some rules for that.
The basic rule is to add an “s” at the end of a singular noun to make it plural.
In case of an s, sh, ch, x or z, add “es”
In specific words “ch” is pronounced as k
When there is a ‘y’ at the end following a Consonant so that “y” is substituted by “i” and “es” is added to it.
If that “y” is followed by a vowel, we can simply add an “s” at the end.
When the words end at “f” or “fe”, add “v” and “es” .
Add “es” when a noun ends at a consonant followed by an “o”.
In case of a vowel followed by “o”, simply add “s”.
Some words might end at a consonant and “o”, we can simply add “s”.
For some, “s” and “es” both are correct.
In some nouns, we can change the vowel to make it plural.
In some words, the addition of “en”, “ren” and “ne” is done.
To change a compound noun (two nouns combining to form a word) to plural, if it contains the word “man” and it means a human being, it can be replaced by “men”.
Incase “man” is just the part of that word, simply add an “s” .
When the noun ends at “ful” , an “s” should be added.
Join “s” to the main part of a compound noun, if that noun contains several words.
Adding just an “s” at the end of some compound nouns does the job.
|Wood shelf||Wood shelves|
Some singular words have no plural:
Similarly, some words are used in the plural sense only.
At times some nouns seem to be singular but they are referring to more than one things or people.
In the same way, some nouns sound like they are plural though they are not.
Some nouns have the same plural and singular.
For numbers, letters and characters, an apostrophe and “s” needs to be added.
For pronouns there is no specific rule, there are some words we need to keep in mind for that.