Prokaryotic vs Eukaryotic cell

Differences between a Prokaryotic cell & Eukaryotic cell

Prokaryotic cell Eukaryotic cell
Absence of definite nucleus, nuclear membrane, nucleolus A well defined nucleus bound by a nuclear membrane, and nucleolus is present
Membrane bound organelles like Mitochondria, Endoplasmic Reticulum, Golgi Apparatus, Lysosome, Chloroplasts etc. are absent. Presence of membrane bound organelles
Cell respiration is carried out by the plasma membrane. Cell respiration by mitochondria
Has only a single prokaryotic chromosome (DNA), located in the cytoplasm. Has many chromosomes enclosed within the nucleus
DNA is usually circular. DNA is linear
Histones (basic proteins) are absent. Hence chromosomal DNA is not complexed with them. Histones are present. So chromosomal DNA is complexed with histones
Cytoplasmic streaming is absent. Cytoplasmic streaming is present
Cytoplasmic microtubules and microfilaments are absent. Microtubules and microfilaments are present


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