In Python, relational operators are used to compare two values and return a boolean result (True or False) based on the relationship between the values. The following relational operators are supported in Python:

- Equal to (==): This operator returns True if two values are equal.
- Not equal to (!=): This operator returns True if two values are not equal.
- Greater than (>): This operator returns True if the left operand is greater than the right operand.
- Less than (<): This operator returns True if the left operand is less than the right operand.
- Greater than or equal to (>=): This operator returns True if the left operand is greater than or equal to the right operand.
- Less than or equal to (<=): This operator returns True if the left operand is less than or equal to the right operand.

For example, let’s say we have two variables a and b:

a = 5 b = 10

Then we can use the relational operators as follows:

a == b # returns False a != b # returns True a > b # returns False a < b # returns True a >= b # returns False a <= b # returns True

Note that when comparing strings, Python compares them based on their ASCII value. Therefore, the comparison of two strings is case-sensitive.

### Conclusion:

In conclusion, relational operators in Python are used to compare two values and return a boolean result based on their relationship. There are six relational operators in Python: equal to (==), not equal to (!=), greater than (>), less than (<), greater than or equal to (>=), and less than or equal to (<=). These operators are useful in control flow statements, conditional statements, and loops, allowing programmers to create more complex and sophisticated programs.