Difference between undefined value and null value

Undefined variable: A variable which is declared but value is not defined for that.
Undefined value: A value that is not defined and has no keyword is known as undefined value.

var testNum;
// undefined

Note: Undefined is of the type undefined.

var testNum;
console.log(typeof testNum);
// undefined

Null value: A value that is explicitly specified by the keyword “null” is known as null value.

var test= null;
// null

Note: null is of the type Object.

var test= null;
console.log(typeof test);
// object

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